The Australian Koala Foundation is the principal organisation dedicated to the conservation of the koala and its habitat, mapping 40,000 km2 (15,000 sq mi) of land for koala habitat and claiming strong evidence that wild koala populations are in serious decline throughout the species’ natural range.

Koalas are not bears but due to its “teddy bear” appearance, overseas visitors do like the term. Like most marsupials it has a pouch and has a joey. Despite its beautiful looks they can be a handful when approached and care should be taken when handling injured koalas. Koalas were exterminated from South Australia during the early 20th Century due to indiscriminate hunting. Victorian populations are usually larger than its northern sub species. Koalas still have several key threatening processes. Namely habitat loss through urbanisation and indiscriminate clear felling. Roads cutting through major tracts of habitats increase mortality. Dogs also contribute to a high degree of adult mortality.


A largely arboreal marsupial, in Eucalyptus trees. May spend much of its time sleeping. Eats a variety of Eucalyptus sp trees. While foraging may cross roads or go through residences. Males are larger than females.
Found across coastal eastern Australia, from Cape York to Victoria. South Australia has introduced Victorian koalas.
1 joey born at 20mm, eyes closed and hairless. Stays hidden in pouch for up to 6mths. Emerges after will take some foliage and mothers pap ( a form of caecal pellet). Back riders stay with mum for 6 mths till mature.

Typical Victorian Koala, strong tufts of white in ears, dark grey thick fur.

Koalas State vs State

New South Wales
12kg male / 8.5 kg female
14 kg male /  10 kg female
Thick fur, darker grey, fluffy tufted ears,
6.5kg male/ 5.0 kg female,
Light fur, larger ears.

Koalas injured or Displaced

There are numerous Koalas reported each year to respective groups. The main issue is mobile Koalas ranging from tree to tree. This brings them into contact with people, cars and dogs. it remains vital that we as a community protect Koalas from these types of injuries. See Vol 1 no 1 Living With Koalas for a range of self help ideas.

A common sight in some large dual communities. a Koala in a tree, usually no call for concern, can be a firs time occurrence or seen each year at a certain time. They will pass through properties via fences or using fallen beaches or climbing lattice sheets. care is needed to keep them safe by making sure any dogs are inside or safely moved to from house etc.